Addiction Acupuncture (smoking cessation, drug dependence, and withdrawals)
Drug dependence is a physical, as well as a mental disorder and is very complicated. Proper treatment requires as many modalities as possible to have a long lasting effect. The hallmark of all drug addictions is the effects that it has on the neurons in the brain and what that does to the dependence levels. Acupuncture has been thoroughly researched in the relief of withdrawal symptoms in rat experiments, as well as human observation, and even shows the suppression of psychic dependence in animal and human studies (on repeated accounts)!